The origin of the Earth, in pictures (345 photos). Part-3.
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06. Erosion of the sedimentary cover of the Ancient Planet.
With the destruction of the DP, the formation of the sedimentary cover ceases and erosion begins.
For reasons, erosion can be divided into types:
1. A large stream of water , swept over the entire surface of the Earth after the destruction of the DP. This reason is significant. Huge scales of erosion in a short time.
2. Erosion caused by rainfall. It is also significant, but it acts more slowly and constantly.
3. Erosion of the coastline of continents due to large waves of storms.
I will show in the pictures all kinds of erosion.
1. Erosion from a large flow of water.
"Table mountains" are the surviving parts of the sedimentary cover of the DP. Primordial surface of the ocean floor of the Ancient Planet prior to erosion.
After the destruction of the planet, a huge amount of ocean water merged with the surface of the continent. This movement of the water masses was so significant that it produced a maximum of all the observed erosion, in a short time.
"Tepui are flat mountains on the Guiana Highlands in South America, in particular, in Venezuela. In the region of Gran Sabana there are 115 such table mountains. They are located in the southeast of Venezuela, where most of the tepuy is concentrated. Consist of a durable sandstone. "
Photo-176. Mount Roraima - the most famous and highest Venezuelan tepui, reaching a height of 2810 meters. It is located at the junction of Brazil (Roraima), Venezuela and Guyana (the highest point of the country). The surface area of the plateau is 30 km².
Photo-177. The surface of Tepui Roraima. Roraima. The surface of the ocean floor is DP.
Photo-178. Tepui. Kukenan 2680 m, next to Roraima.
Photo-179. Tepui Roraima and Kukenan, a view from space. Two islets of the pristine surface of the sedimentary cover of the DP in a huge space, blurred by a large stream of water in a short time. ( wikimapia )
Photo-180. Tepui. Table mountains of Venezuela. Sandstone. The surface of the ocean floor is DP.
Photo-181. Tepui. Table mountains of Venezuela. The surface of the ocean floor is DP.
Photo-182. Park Parque Estadual do Jalapao. Table mountains. South America, Brazil. ( wikimapia )
Photo-183. South America. Remains of the pristine surface of the DP. Table mountain. ( wikimapia )
Photo-184. North America. Table mountain. Remains of the pristine surface of the DP. ( wikimapia)
Photo-185. Turkey. A piece of the pristine surface of the DP. Table mountain. ( wikimapia )
Photo-186. India. Table mountains. A piece of the pristine surface of the DP. ( wikimapia )
Photo-187. Table Mountain Etgo, Namibia, Africa. The surface of the ocean floor is DP.
Photo-188. Table Mountain Conner. Australia. The surface of the ocean floor is DP (?). ( Wikimapia )
Photo-189. Table mountain in the northern part of the Antarctic Peninsula, Brown Bluff, 745 m. Surface of the ocean floor DP.
Photo-190. Table mountain near Antarctica. The surface of the ocean floor is DP. ( wikimapia )
Photo-191. Greenland. Table mountain. The surface of the ocean floor is DP.
Photo-192. Table Mountain Debre Damo, in northern Ethiopia. The surface of the ocean floor is DP.
Photo-193. Table mountain. Cerro Negro Neuquén, Argentina. Cerro Negro Ne qué Argentina.
Photo-194. Table mountain "Lion's Rock". Sri Lanka.
Photo-195. Monument Valley. USA. The state of Utah. Sedation cover DP. Erosion from a large stream of water.
Photo-196. Kazakhstan. Mangyshlak. Erosion from large water (not rainwater)
The national reserve Ustyurt. Blurred limestone. ( wikimapia )
Photo-197. Kazakhstan. Traces of large water currents (not rainwater). To the left is the canyon of the Charyn River. ( wikimapia )
Photo-198. Africa. Traces of large water currents. ( wikimapia )
Photo-199. Australia. Traces of large water currents. ( wikimapia )
Photo-200. South America. Traces of large water currents. ( wikimapia )
2. Erosion caused by rainfall.
Pouring rain, the sedimentary rocks of the ocean floor of the Ancient Planet are being destroyed intensely. Rivers, are carried to the oceans and seas. Form secondary sedimentary deposits inside the continents, until the river does not break through the outlet to the sea.
Photo-201. Solid removal of the 22 largest rivers of the planet.
The Huanghe River is the largest percentage of the "hard discharge" in the water runoff. Blurs more, but two-thirds of the destroyed rocks do not reach the sea, settling in the inner regions of the mountains. For the time being, until the time.
Photo-202. The Huanghe River. Erosion of secondary sedimentary deposits within the continent. A firm takeaway that did not reach the sea before.
Photo-203. The Huanghe River. "Yellow River". Solid removal 380 million tons per year.
Photo-204. Inflow of the Yangtze in the Dechen-Tibet Autonomous Region. Solid take-out.
Photo-205. Tajikistan. Sel after a lot of rain. A firm outflow of the river.
Photo-206. Pakistan. Sel after a lot of rain. A firm outflow of the river.
Photo-207. Sel on the Isfara River. Solid take-out.
Photo-208. Flooding in France.
Photo-209. Sel in Switzerland 2017-08-24. Solid take-out. ( Video )
Photo-210. Sel in the southwest of China. Solid take-out.
Photo-211. Hiroshima. Japan. Sel. Solid take-out.
Photo-212. Sel. A firm outflow of the river.
Photo-213. Sel in Georgia. A firm outflow of the river.
Photo-214. The village channel. Erosion. Russia. Irkutsk region. ( Roman PETROV ).
Video 215. "The destructive force of water." (7 minutes)
Photo-216. King River and the town of Wyndham in Western Australia. Erosion of the sedimentary cover of the DP.
Photo-217. North America. Grand Canyon. The original surface of the ocean floor is DP. River erosion in the fissures of the sedimentary cover. ( wikimapia )
Photo-218. Africa. The surface of the ocean floor is DP, still untouched by erosion. River surface erosion. ( wikimapia )
Photo-219. China. Shaanxi Province, Yan'an City District, Lohe River. The surface of the sedimentary cover of the DP is still visible.
Photo-220. China. Gansu Province, Qingyang City District, Zhengning County. Erosion of the continents. The primordial surface is no longer there.
General view of continents with traces of river erosion.
Photo-221. Eurasia. Surface erosion of the continent.
It is impossible to stop river erosion.
I am objected that dams of hydroelectric power stations prevent river erosion. No, do not interfere. The reservoir in front of the dam becomes shallow, and there comes a time when its volume is not enough to accumulate the necessary amount of water. Clearing the reservoir from the hard removal of rivers is a task so expensive that makes hydroelectric power not profitable. Therefore, the problem of siltation of the reservoir is solved by damming the dam. Water takes away the silt, accumulating decades, for several days.
Demolition of the Marmot dam in the US after 100 years of operation. For a day the water took away all the silt that accumulated a century. (Video with bookmark).
There are rivers that do not have runoff into the ocean.
For example, in Africa and Europe. The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea and does not have a solid discharge into the ocean. But this fact does not affect the overall picture of erosion. Still, the sedimentary cover of the DP collapses, and the continent disappears underwater. The Caspian Sea is 28 meters below the world ocean level. When the level of the world's ocean rises by 250 meters, displaced by the hard discharge of rivers, the inner part of the continent, where the Caspian Sea is now, remains deeply under water.
Seeping into sedimentary rocks (limestones, gypsum), the water flushes underground empty cavities - caves. All the largest caves of the world are in limestone, gypsum.
Photo-222. Karst erosion.
Photo-223. Karst erosion.
Photo-224. In the Carlsbad cave. Carlsbad Caverns National Park. Erosion.
Photo-225. Cave fireflies, New Zealand. Erosion.
Photo-226. Underground river in the "Red Cave", Crimea. Erosion.
Photo-227. "Marble Cave", Crimea. Collapsed arch. Erosion.
Photo-228. Cave in the Algarve, Portugal. Erosion.
When the critical dimensions of the caves are reached, the vaults fail. Karst dips appear on the surface of the earth. They are all over the Earth. Dips occur constantly, every day.
Photo-229. Xiaozha Tianken, it's a Heavenly pit. Karst failure. Erosion. The deepest karst funnel in the world is 660 meters in depth and 530 in width.
Photo-230. Red Lake. Karst failure. Erosion. 530-meter funnel in the south of Croatia. It was formed due to the collapse of the arch of a large underground cave. The volume of 25 ÷ 30 million cubic meters. One of the largest karst funnels in the world.
Photo-231. Tepui. Karst failure. Erosion. Sima Humboldt is a funnel in Venezuela with a depth of 320 meters with vertical walls.
Photo-232. Karst failures. Erosion. "Gates of Hell" is a funnel 70 meters in diameter, Turkmenistan.
Photo-233. Karst failures. Erosion. What was the bottom of the Dead Sea, most recently.
Photo-234. Karst failure. Erosion. Florida. USA.
Photo-235. Taimyr. Limestone and karst dips. ( wikimapia )
Photo-236. The upper boundary of the Putorana Plateau. Bottom photo: basaltic lava, spilled over limestone, with traces of water erosion. Above the photo: limestones not lava, with a lot of karst dips. ( wikimapia )
The abundant precipitation softens the sedimentary rocks, leading to landslides.
Photo-237. Landslide of sedimentary rocks. On the border, Russia, South Ossetia. Erosion.
Photo-238. Landslide of sedimentary rocks. In southwestern China. Erosion.
Photo-239. Landslide of sedimentary rocks. Italy. Erosion.
Photo-240. Landslide of sedimentary rocks. In the north-east of Afghanistan. Erosion.
Photo-241. Landslide of sedimentary rocks. In the state of Washington. USA. Erosion.
Photo-242. Landslide of sedimentary rocks. Nova Friburgo, 130 km north of Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. Erosion.
Water in the form of snow also erodes. Snow falling in the mountains, slipping to the foot, cutting through the wide channels - "Fjords".
Photo-243. Landslide. Karmadon gorge. Glacier Kolka. 20-09-2002
Photo-244. Fjord. Norway. Erosion.
Photo-245. Fjord of Baffin land, Canada. Erosion.
Photo-246. Grosser Aletschgletscher. Glacier. Switzerland, the Alps. Erosion.
Photo-247. Glacier on Ellesmere Island. Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Erosion.
Photo-248. Landslide. Island Mordvinova. Elephant Island. Near Antarctica. ( wikimapia )
3. Erosion of the coastline of continents due to large waves.
Ocean and sea waves irreversibly destroy the coastline.
Photo-249. Strong waves are the cause of coastal erosion.
Photo-250. England. Destruction of the shoreline. Cape Beachy Head. beachy head. Erosion.
Photo-251. France. Destruction of the shoreline. Erosion.
Photo-252. Crimea. Destruction of the shoreline. Cape Fiolent. Erosion.
Photo-253. Cretaceous island of Mons-Clint in Denmark. Destruction of the shoreline. Erosion.
Photo-254. Australia. Rocks of the Bund. Destruction of the shoreline. Erosion.
Photo-255. Australia. Limestone dissolves in water. ( wikimapia )
07. Age of the Earth.
Erosion from the movement of large masses of water. River erosion. Landslides. Karst failures. Erosion of the coastline of the oceans.
Continents are rapidly destroyed.
The process of destruction is directed and irreversible.
6.4 km3 of rock is carried by rivers to the oceans every year.
At such a rate, erosion will destroy the continental plates to the level of the ocean, in just 15 million years !!!
Based on an estimate of the time left before the complete destruction of the continents and the still undamaged surface of the ocean floor of the DP (sedimentary cover), it is easy to assume that our planet is very young and its lifetime is measured in just a few million years.
08. Magma intrusion into the sedimentary cover of the DP during the transformation of the planet.
The origin of the Earth, in pictures (345 photos). Part-5.
This is an automatic translation.
Click here to read the publication in the original language.