The origin of the Earth, in pictures (345 photos). Part 1.
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To find the truth (the correct idea of reality), one must try to see the causes of the observed facts.
Fact-1. Continents. On 1/3 of the Earth's surface there are continents. There are no continents on 2/3 of the Earth's surface. Why are not they on 2/3 of the surface? They were never there? Or have they disappeared somewhere? Where did they go? What is the reason for the continents, 35 kilometers thick, to disappear from the surface of the Earth?
Fact-2. Drift of the continents. It has been a hundred years since the meteorologist Alfred Wegener noticed that the lines of the continents coincide, suggested the drift of the parts of the once uniform continent. Geologists did not take his idea seriously, because he could not explain the drift mechanism. When maps of the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean were drawn with military objectives, geologists saw mid-ocean ridges. There was an explanation - "spreading" and the theory - "Tectonics of plates". Given the name of the continent to the drift - "Pangea". Invented the reason for the drift - "Magmatic plumes." But the true cause of the drift has not yet been enlightened.
Fact-3. Ocean floor. The surface of all the continents of the Earth was once the ocean floor. On all continents there are deposits of sediments that are formed in the aquatic environment (layers). On all continents there is a powerful layer of limestone, which forms at the bottom of the deep sea and is a product of the vital activity of organisms. Why was the bottom of the sea land? Why all continents became land. Where did such a huge volume of water go? What reason is needed to drain all the continents on Earth? And if the bottom of the sea were such high mountains of the Earth as Tibet, was there a land on the Earth? And if there was no land, where did the terrestrial organisms live? Indeed, according to modern geochronology, terrestrial organisms appeared before the Cretaceous period, where did they live, on what land?
Fact-4. Erosion of the continents. Atmospheric precipitation leads to erosion of the surface of the continents. Counted and published "solid take-off" of rivers - a scientific fact. Counted and published the volume of each continent is a scientific fact. If you sum up the whole hard take-away, the truth becomes clear. The total erosion of all terrestrial continents to the ocean level is only 15 million years! (inference from scientific facts on the basis of formal logic). The erosion of the continents began when the continents ceased to be the bottom of the sea and became land. If so little is left, how much time has passed since the onset of erosion? And what caused the draining of the continents?
I will show my version of one common cause for all the observed facts.
The origin of the Earth, in pictures (345 photos)
01. Destruction of the Ancient Planet (abbreviation - DP).
The planet Earth appeared from a larger planet, due to a planetary catastrophe. Once in the strong gravitational field of the gas giant, the "Ancient Planet" broke in half.
The Earth and Venus are 86.8% of the mass of the Ancient Planet.
The remaining planets of the "terrestrial group" - small fragments of the DP, make up 13.2% of the mass of the destroyed planet.
Photo-001. An ancient planet and its 25 largest fragments.
The ancient planet was covered with a cover made of sedimentary rocks, several kilometers thick. The result of underwater volcanic eruptions. 16.5% of this cover, on a granite substrate with a thickness of 35 km. went to the Earth.
Photo-002. Part of the cortex of the Ancient Planet, inherited by the Earth.
The diameter of the planet has decreased from 16,939 km (DP) to 12,749 km (Earth). This led to the deformation of the sedimentary cover on the granite substrate. He cracked and dispersed, in the process of drift, in basalt magma.
Photo-003. The drift of the crust of the ancient planet, on Earth.
A single cover, formed continents on the surface of the Earth.
Photo-004. The bark of the Ancient Planet is the Continents of the Earth.
What was the bottom of the deep ocean on the Ancient Planet, millions of years old, has become land on Earth.
Continents from the Ancient Planet, there is also on the second large fragment - Venus. 90% of Venus is covered with basaltic lava. Only 10% of the continent:
Photo-005. The Bark of the Ancient Planet on Venus. Above is the "Ishtar Land", below and to the right of "The Land of Aphrodite".
Photo-006. Venus. The land of Ishtar. "The area is 8.5 million km2, which is slightly larger than the area of Australia."
Photo-007. Venus. The land of Aphrodite. "Its area ... 29 million km2. ... approximately equal to the area of Africa. "
The wreckage of the Ancient Planet.
Four large fragments of the DP are ejected into internal orbits relative to Jupiter.
Photo-008. The four largest fragments of the Ancient Planet are Earth (47.8%), Venus (39%), Mars (5.1%), Mercury (2.6%). Together - 94.5% of the DP.
The remaining fragments of DP (5.5%) are scattered throughout the solar system.
Photo-009. The large fragments of the ancient planet are "not planets."
Some fragments are captured by gas giants.
Photo-010. Large debris of DP left in the orbit of Jupiter: Callisto, Ganymede, Europe, Io.
Some fall on the gas giants and the Sun, disappearing completely.
Photo-011. A trail from the fall of the asteroid to Jupiter.
Photo-012. The impact crater on Jupiter, left by the fall of comet D-1993 F2 (Shoemaker-Levy).
The small fragments of the DP are visible as the rings that all four gas giants have.
Photo-013. Saturn's rings are small fragments of DP.
Some fragments of the DP fly in their own orbits around the Sun.
The main belt of asteroids consists of four large fragments of DP: Ceres, Vesta, Pallas, Gigeia with a total weight of 1.5 * 1021 kg. And a huge number of small stones of three types, with a total weight of 1.5 * 1021kg, indicating the probability of their origin from the three larger debris.
The total weight of all objects of the main belt of asteroids does not exceed 3 * 1021kg. That is 0.024% of the mass of the Ancient Planet.
Photo-014. The main belt of asteroids is the fragmentation of three small fragments of the DP.
Photo-015. Asteroid 243 Ida. 59.8 km. Shard of the Ancient Planet.
Photo-016. Asteroid Itokawa. 0.33 km. Shard of the Ancient Planet.
Photo-017. Asteroids are called comets if they fly close to the Sun. Evaporate gas and water, which remain behind them as a plume away from the Sun.
Photo-018. The comparative size of a comet. 4,1 km. Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
Small debris falls on large, covering the whole surface with a continuous carpet of craters and dust.
Photo-019. Phobos, a satellite of Mars, in the craters of small fragments of a destroyed DP.
Photo-020. On Earth, small fragments of DP fall like dust and like meteorites, burning in the atmosphere.
Photo-021. A trace in the atmosphere from the Chelyabinsk meteorite. Russia.
Or like asteroids, if they reach and leave the crater.
Photo-022. The crater of the asteroid is 1.2 km. The state of Arizona. USA. Age of 30 000 years. View from above.
Photo-023. The crater of the asteroid is 1.2 km. The state of Arizona. USA. Age of 30 000 years. Side view.
Many small fragments of the DP are contained in the Kuiper belt. 20 times more than in the main belt of asteroids. About 6 * 1022kg. That is 0.48% of the mass of the Ancient Planet.
Photo-024. Kuiper Belt. The total weight of the debris, at least 0.48% of the mass of the Ancient Planet. A maximum of 4.8% DP is by weight almost like Mars.
02. The appearance of the Earth.
From the strong gravity of the gas giant DP broke in half. The debris was rounded by the force of gravity.
Photo-025. A huge hole in the body of the Earth is tightened in the western part of the Pacific Ocean.
Liquid magma is found here from all directions. This part of the Pacific Ocean is dotted with a lot of underwater volcanoes. ( Wikimapia ).
Some volcanoes create a new land. Not a continental one.
Photo-026. Volcanic Islands of Hawaii. Pacific Ocean. ( Wikimapia ).
Each sign has an effect when you rotate with your arms apart, then press your hands against your body, the speed of rotation increases.
The same effect applies to the planet. The diameter of the Earth became smaller. As a result, the linear velocity of the cortex was higher than that of the liquid core. And the crust moves some time faster than the core, leaving parallel strips on the newly formed surface of the basaltic bottom ( Wikimapia ).
Photo-027. Slippage of the crust relative to the magma during the destruction of the DP.
Photo-028. Slippage of the crust relative to the magma during the destruction of the DP.
Due to the friction of the basalt bed and the deformation, the single slab has burst, and from the fault line the continents Africa-Eurasia go further, according to the rotation of the planet than the North and South America. The distance increased in a matter of days, and was half the size of today's.
Continents, 35 km thick, after the destruction of the solid plate, are immersed in basalt magma for 30 kilometers. Slow. A full immersion could take hundreds of years.
The water of the ocean that the Earth has reached merges with continents into basaltic magma. On the surface of the continents are shallow seas, until the rivers break through the path to the ocean. As a result, all the seas merge into the ocean, except for the Caspian Sea. Life is preserved only in the water.
The continental immersion in basalt magma stopped when only 5 kilometers remained to the upper level of the granite crust. Four kilometers of the height of the continental plates are filled with ocean water. The continent rises above the ocean by less than 1 kilometer (on average).
Photo-029. Continuation of continents on Earth after the destruction of the DP. Atlantic Ocean. Immersion of continents in basalt magma. ( wikimapia )
In the Pacific Ocean, basaltic magma "rose" in the same way as in the Atlantic Ocean. With one difference. The water area of the Atlantic Ocean, in the future, is expanding along the mid-ocean ridge. The water area of the Pacific Ocean continues to shrink from all sides, as a result of which, deep oceanic troughs are formed on the borders with continents.
Photo-030. Deep-sea gutters along the perimeter of the Pacific Ocean. ( wikimapia )
The western edge of the North and South America is crumbling at the stage of destruction of the DP from the tidal waves that passed through the entire planet, because of the powerful gravity of the giant planet and the rotation of the DP. The edges of the broken bark then diverge, they strike against each other, so the mountains were formed:
Photo-031. Northern Cordillera (North America) and Southern Cordilleras - Andes (South America).
Photo-032. Cordillera of North America. Crumpled continental slab DP. ( wikimapia )
Photo-033. View from the plane to the Cordillera of North America.
Photo-034. Southern Cordilleras - Andes (South America). Crumpled continental slab DP. ( wikimapia )
Photo-035. Southern Cordilleras - Andes (South America). Crumpled continental slab DP.
Those continents that struck the North and South America from the Cordillera - on Earth are absent. They are not on Earth. Lost in the process of destruction of DP.
Even after the destruction of the DP, on Earth, during its rounding and fast phase of continental drift, parts of the split plate collide: Hindustan and Asia. The Asian plate, which turned out to be above, is crumpled over the Hindustan plate.
Under the Himalayas and Tibet, the thickness of the granite crust is double - up to 70 kilometers.
Photo-036. The Himalayas and Tibet - the collapse of the continental plates after the destruction of the DP. ( wikimapia )
The Archimedian power of basaltic magma raises the doubled granite crust above the level of the world ocean more than the single one. The highest mountains of the planet are formed:
Photo-037. Himalayas. Crumpled continental slab DP (from the International Space Station).
Photo-038. Himalayas. The crushed main plate of DP (from the plane).
Photo-039. Tibet. Crumpled continental slab DP.
Photo-040. The Tibetan Plateau. Crumpled continental slab DP.
The African plate is pressed against Euro-Asia. The Iranian Highlands (Zagros Mountains), the mountains of the peninsula of Asia Minor, the mountains of the Greater and Lesser Caucasus, the mountains of the Alps, the Apennines, the Carpathians, the Atlas appear. The African plate is bursting with deformation, its fragment - the Arabian Peninsula is separated from Africa by a deep crack - the Red Sea. In the African plate, cracks appear, along the lines of which the deformation of the plate occurs - the Ethiopian Highlands, Mitumba Mountains, Muchinga Mountains.
Photo-041. The Arabian Peninsula. Iranian Highlands. ( wikimapia )
The mountains do not grow, but only decrease.
Precise instruments of navigation record the growth of the height of the Alps, the Cordillera and the Himalayas. This growth is visibility. Truth is not. Every 20930 years the Earth freezes for 5000 years. Heavy glaciers grow on the poles. Heavy glaciers also grow on high mountains. With their weight they press the continental plate into the magma. When glaciers melt, the continents slowly float up. This ascent and fix the instruments. And people interpret the ascent, like the growth of mountains.
03. Continents from the Ancient Planet.
Earth, as a planet, appears after the destruction of the Ancient Planet.
And only now begins the account of the time of its existence!
On the surface of basalt magma, the remnants of the cortex of the Ancient Planet float -
Continents. The continents are 35 kilometers of granite substrates.
Over the newly formed basalt bottom, the layer of "granite" is only a few kilometers (2 ÷ 7 km). The rest of the granite slab was torn off and lost to the planet. The granite layer above the basalt bottom of the ocean was formed anew. And it is not the same as under the continents, because the conditions for its formation are different. Sedimentary layer at the bottom of the ocean is also being formed anew. From the material washed away by the ocean water from the continents, the material of underwater volcanic eruptions (15 km3 per year) and from the solid removal of rivers (6 km3 per year).
Photo-042. A thin layer of "granite" above the basalt of the ocean floor is formed anew.
The water of the salty ocean, which reaches Earth, merges into the gap between the continents, forming a single world ocean of the Earth.
Photo-043. A single world ocean on Earth is what's left of the ocean of the DP.
There is a land, which was not on DP. The entire surface of the continents of the Earth was the ocean floor on the Ancient Planet. All!!!
Photo-044. We live on the ocean floor of the Ancient Planet.
And only now, the precipitation of evaporated water begins to fall not only on the ocean, but also on land, leading to erosion of the surface of the continental plates. That is, to erosion of the sedimentary cover of the ocean floor of the Ancient Planet.
04. Sedimentary cover from the Ancient Planet.
The origin of the Earth, in pictures (345 photos). Part 2.
This is an automatic translation.
Click here to read the publication in the original language.